This is Nigel North's lute arrangement of an astonishing passacaglia by the 17th century composer Biber. It is the last movement of his Mystery Sontas. Biber was a religious mystic as well as a virtuoso violinist and composer.
Here is the tablature of a different "free arrangement" by Arto Wikler which is somewhat different from Norths but which gives an idea of the originality and grandeur of the piece. This page contains a link to that arrangement and another for six strings.
Here is a recording of a very fine violinist Elicia Silverstein playing the original on a baroque violin.
Here is a modern score for it.